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Electricity and Hoses

There always has been confusion concerning the terms applied to industrial hoses regarding the capabilities of being “non-conductive”, “static dissipating”, and electrically “continuous” or “discontinous”. This confusion originates because, many times, we do not properly relate these terms to the hose applications and/or what the hose is expected to do in application.

The following explanations are to try and clarify the above terms, as they relate to Goodyear Industrial Hoses only and their use in applications where electrical accumulations are present.

Non-Conductive Hose

Non-conductive hoses normally are recommended in applications where the electrical charge is transferred from the outside environment to the hose. Air hoses used around electrical furnaces and multipurpose hose used in close proximity to high voltage power lines should have non-conductive ratings as prescribed by the respective industry. In essence, the hose acts as an insulator, protecting the user from external electrical sources. Non-conductive hoses generally are manufactured without a metal helix or “bonding” wire. One industry standard for “non-conductive” general-purpose hose is the ALCOA requirement of a minimum electrical resistance greater than one (1) megohm per inch of length of hose at 1000V DC. Mt. Pleasant’s Gorilla, Ortac and Red Wingfoot are considered non-conductive because they meet this requirement. Granford has the capabilities to produce non-conductive hoses upon request, with minimum runs…and the proper information of non-conductivity required.

Static Dissipating (Semi-Conductive) Hose

Goodyear hoses designated as “static-dissipating” will not allow a static electrical charge to build up within the hose itself. This is achieved by having the static charge dissipate (“follow a path”) along the tube and/or cover and ground out when making contact with the metal fittings. Goodyear conductive hoses allow electrical charges to follow a path by using a tube and/or cover specifically compounded to have static dissipating (semi-conductive) properties. Examples of Goodyear hoses which are static dissipating: Plicord Exstatic FDA (static dissipating, UHMwPE tube), Plicord Wingcraft and Advantage aircraft refueling hose (static dissipating cover), and Plicord blast hoses (static dissipating tube).

NOTE: There is no single industry standard which designates an industrial hose to be static dissipating. When recommending a hose which needs to be “static dissipating”, “semi-conductive”, or “static conductive”, it is essential to determine, exactly, what it is the end user requires for the hose to meet the application’s electrical resistant requirements.

Electrically Continuous Hose

If a hose is “continuous”, it refers to the construction of the hose, which creates an electrical bond between the fittings. This hose construction incorporates an internal, metal helix wire or bonding wire in the body (carcass) of the hose that allows the electrical current to flow through the helix or bonding wire and ground out at the metal couplings. Goodyear hoses considered “continuous”: Plicord Flexwings and Flextras (when the helix wires are in contact with the metal fittings), Blue Flour hose (when the anti-static wires are in contact with the metal fittings) and Plicord petroleum dock hose (unless otherwise specified, all Goodyear petroleum dock hoses are manufactured as continuous).

NOTE: In Goodyear’s terminology, an electrically continuous hose is not necessarily a static dissipating hose (a hose is “continuous” only when the helix or bonding wires are in contact with the metal fittings). From an industry standpoint, hoses with a helix or static bonding wires could be described as “static dissipating.” To recommend the proper hose to use, when the possibility of any electrical build up is involved, it is most important to know and understand the application and what is expected of the hose performance in the application.